Sciatic nerve pain is a lot more commonly referred to as sciatica. It’s a form of pain that is because of an irritation within the sciatic nerve. Usually, the pain starts on the back or lumbar area and then spreads down the thigh, until the knee. The reason behind this would be that the sciatic nerve is located from the spinal-cord in the lumbar area and extends down the buttocks. This is the largest nerve within the body.
The pain sensation may also radiate for the hips. It can make walking extremely difficult or even impossible. Apart from the pain, sciatica also offers other symptoms. An individual may also feel numbness and tingling or burning sensations from the lower back area, upper buttocks, thigh or the back of his legs. Sometimes, these symptoms are worsened by bending the waist or by walking. It could be partially or completely relieved by resting.
There are numerous causes for lumbar pain. Usually it is actually the consequence of lumbar disc hernia that presses directly on the nerve. This might either cause an inflammation or irritation within the pain-free back management site. Other causes may include tumor growths, infection, internal bleeding, trauma, and other injuries. The nerve may also be irritated by any adjacent muscle or bone. On some instances, it could also be caused by pregnancy.
The three common reasons for sciatica are spinal disc herniation, spinal stenosis and piriformis syndrome. In a spinal disc herniation occurs when someone suddenly bends or twists their waist. Once the spinal disc is herniated, it may press on the nerve and cause swelling on the surrounding tissues, which further progresses on the nerve. With lumbar spinal stenosis, the room for that spinal-cord is narrowed. It pinches and irritates the nerves including the sciatic nerve. Piriformis syndrome is a condition wherein the sciatic nerve goes through the piriformis muscle rather than underneath it. When this muscle is overused or injured in people with this syndrome, it compresses or strangles the sciatic nerve, causing low back pain.
In order for lumbar pain to become treated, it must be diagnosed first. Checking for that symptoms, along with a physical exam and medical history will help with all the diagnosis. Diagnostic tests such as electromyogram, X-rays, MRI and CT scans are of help for determining exactly what the exact cause is.
There are several treatment options for sciatica. Besides treating the actual cause, medications and physical therapy can also be helpful. The main goal of medications will be the relief of pain and inflammation. On the other hand, physical therapy targets strengthening your back. Spine stretching and conditioning exercises greatly help people with zygolr recovery. Although bed rest is not really a total essential for recovery, it still helps relieve symptoms which is still being encouraged. On certain cases, surgery is necessary to treat sciatic nerve pain. It is indicated for persisting and chronic sciatica that is due to a compression of the nerve within the back area. In other cases, specialists on pain management are consulted to help people treat with chronic sciatic nerve pain.